citizenship are governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Poland
and the Citizenship Act of February 15, 1962.
citizenship regardless of the country of birth, if both parents are
citizens of Poland or at least one of parents is Polish citizen and the
other one is either not known or whose citizenship cannot be
established, or who is stateless.
Child, one of whose
parents is a citizen of a foreign country acquires Polish citizenship by
birth. However the parents by affidavit executed before proper Polish
authorities within three months after the birth of the child can choose
foreign citizenship for the child if the laws of the foreign country
grant the child citizenship based on descent from the foreign parent.
Polish citizenship can be granted to that child if he/she after turning
16, but before 6 months to the legal age executes an affidavit
expressing the will of becoming the citizen before proper Polish
Child who was born or
found within the territory of the Republic of Poland acquires
citizenship if both parents are not known, whose citizenship cannot be
established, or who are stateless.
Citizenship can be
granted by the President of the Republic of Poland. An Alien is eligible
to apply for the citizenship if he has resided in Poland as a lawful
permanent resident for at least 5 years. The granting of the citizenship
can be subjected to submission of the evidence of the loss or
renunciation of foreign citizenship.
Marriage to a Polish
national does not affect citizenship of both parties.
Polish law does not
recognize dual citizenship of its citizens. While Polish law does not
forbid Polish citizen from becoming the citizen of a foreign state by
birth or naturalization, Polish authorities shall recognize that
national as a Polish citizen only.
LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP:
Constitution prohibits an involuntary loss of Polish citizenship.
VOLUNTARY: A Polish
citizen may gain foreign citizenship with full effect under Polish law
once he/she receives a permission to renounce Polish citizenship granted
by the President of the Republic of Poland. The loss of citizenship is
effective on a date it is granted; therefore Polish citizens with only
promissory citizenship in a foreign state would become stateless until
they acquire that citizenship. The process of voluntary renunciation of
citizenship may be done in Poland or through the nearest Polish